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GERD (acid reflux): Causes, symptoms & treatment

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a condition where stomach contents passes backwards into the esophagus (throat), causing symptoms such as belching, bloating and nausea after eating. Usually, the lower esophageal sphincter prevents this from happening, but when this sphincter is put under pressure and partially digested food and stomach acid floods into your throat, it causes a burning sensation.

Foods, such as onion and garlic, and drinks like alcohol, coffee and fizzy beverages can cause or exacerbate symptoms of GERD and acidic foods, including citrus fruits, can make the conditions of the stomach more acidic.

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